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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1180\margr5185\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1180\margrsxn5185\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-468\slmult0\tx3463 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ADMINISTRATION{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\sub\expndtw-21 3OI}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri461\sb0\sa0\sl-468\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 deep impression upon the Master of the Law.\super 1 \nosupersub\i\expndtw5 Administration}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi529\ri50\sb187\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The foregoing discussion shows that Harsa's \expndtw5 empire mostly extended towards the east/ and natural\-\expndtw6 ly he could not but aspire to the control of the terri\-\expndtw2 tories tying on this side, since the southern routes were \expndtw9 already blocked by the mighty arms of Pulakesin II. \expndtw6 In those early times the Ganges was the highway of \expndtw2 traffic linking up all the country from Bengal to "Mid \expndtw4 India", and the supremacy of Kanauj over this vast \expndtw3 Gangetic region was, therefore, essential for its com\-\expndtw16 merce and prosperity. Harsa succeeded in bring\-\expndtw3 ing nearly the whole of it under his yoke and, the king\-\expndtw1 dom having thus developed into comparatively gigantic \expndtw9 proportions, the task of its successful governance \expndtw2 became all the more difficult. The first thing that Harsa}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li169\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx1588\tx2326 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw14\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ,..,.{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-39\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ,{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw8 did was to increase his  military}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li166\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx2423\tx3006\tx5620 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Military strength{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 ^{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw2 ,     ,    \i ^   ,     \i0 i         ^i{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-39 -i}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx860 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex56\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 to{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\charscalex100\expndtw5 strength, both to keep the unsub-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li43\fi0\ri25\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 dued states overawed and to fortify his own position \expndtw7 against internal upheavals and foreign aggressions. \expndtw9 Yuan Chwang writes: "Then having enlarged his \expndtw5 territory he increased his army bringing the elephant \expndtw11 corps up to 60,000 and the cavalry to ioo,ooo."\super 2\nosupersub  It \expndtw1 was thus on this large force that the empire ultimately \expndtw18 rested. But the army is merely an arm of policy.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li338\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx2365 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 . \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-2 Harsa secured his position by other}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li266\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx2772\tx3708\tx5144 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex120\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Alliances{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw-9\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ..       r{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 j}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 means as well.   He concluded an}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li68\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 "undying alliance" with Bhaskaravarman, king of Assam, \expndtw6 when he started on his initial campaign. Next, Harsa \expndtw4 gave the hand of his daughter to Dhruvasena II or \expndtw-3 Dhruvabhata of Valabhi after measuring swords with him. \expndtw7 Thereby he not only gained a valued ally, but also an}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li500\fi0\ri0\sb342\sa0\tx644 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw7 See my \i History of Kanauj, \i0 pp. 78-119.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li500\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx644 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw9 Watters\sub 3\nosupersub  I, p. 343; Beal, I, p. 213.}\par }